Typhoid fever is a life-threatening bacterial (Salmonella typhi) infection commonly occurring in developing countries with poor sanitation and low standards of hygiene1. Most cases are acquired while traveling internationally1.
Risk of contracting typhoid infection depends on several factors including1:
Risk is low for travellers going to areas with higher standards of sanitation and safe food handling practices1.
Risk is higher for travellers going to areas with typhoid occurrence that has poor sanitations, limited access to safe water and/or if you’re visiting friends and relatives1. The highest risk for typhoid fever is in south Asia; other risk areas include African, Asian, the Caribbean, Central and South America1.
Symptoms typically appear 1 to 3 weeks after being infected, and some people may not develop any symptoms1. Symptoms include1:
Severe cases may present with worsening of symptoms and cause life threatening complications1.
Commonly transmitted by eating food or drinking water that has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person including1:
Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics1. Medical advice is recommended for the onset of symptoms. for further information regarding typhoid fever and immunization, please speak with your healthcare provider.